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Foot Health


6 common foot conditions & recommended solutions

Plantar Fasciitis

Condition: Plantar Fasciitis
Definition: Inflammation of fibrous tissue along bottom of foot 

Causes: Over-pronation (flat feet), high arch feet, sudden increase in physical activity, excessive weight gain, flipflops 

Symptoms: Heel pain, heel spurs, arch pain first thing in the morning or after a period of prolonged rest 

Treatment & Prevention: Orthotics with arch support & rearfoot posting, footwear with proper cushioning and shock absorption, stretching, night splints

Pregnancy & Feet

Condition: Pregnancy

Definition: Over-pronation, edema 

Causes: Weight gain, hormonal changes, flattened arches 

Symptoms: Pain at the heel, arch, ball-of-foot, leg cramping, varicose veins 

Treatment & Prevention: Orthotics with arch support & rearfoot posting, wide width footwear that incorporates stretch fabrics


Condition: Bunions

Definition: A prominent bump on the inside of the foot around the big toe joint 

Causes: Usually from wearing tight & narrow footwear with a constrictive toe box 

Symptoms: Inflammation, swelling and soreness on the side surface of the big toe 

Treatment & Prevention: Footwear with wide toe boxes, and stretch fabrics, orthotics, bunion shields, bunion night splints

Heel Pain Syndrome 

Condition: Heel Pain Syndrome

Definition: Extreme heel discomfort 

Causes: Plantar Fasciitis or over-use repetitive stress

Symptoms: Pain underneath the heel or just behind it, where the tendon attaches to the heel bone 

Treatment & Prevention: Heel cups or cradles, orthotics with arch support, shock absorption, cushioning, footwear with elevated heels

Metatarsalgia (Ball-of-Foot) 

Condition: Metatarsalgia (Ball-of-Foot)

Definition: Inflammation or pain at the bones and joints at the ball-of-foot 

Causes: Thinning out of the fat pad, improper fitting footwear such as shoes with narrow toe boxes, high heels, excessive pressure 

Symptoms: Pain in the region of the foot before the toes 

Treatment & Prevention: Orthotics with metatarsal pads, proper fitting footwear with high, wide toe boxes, shoes with rocker bottoms

Achilles Tendonitis 

Condition: Achilles Tendonitis 

Definition: Inflammation & degeneration of the tendon in the back of the leg that inserts into the heel 

Causes: Over-pronation, improper fitting footwear, inadequate stretching 

Symptoms: Shooting, burning or extreme piercing pain 

Treatment & Prevention: Thorough stretching program, decrease in physical activity, heel cups or cradles, orthotics